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Below is a reasonably complete list of literature on sawfishes worldwide, with emphasis on the smalltooth sawfish, Pristis pectinata.  Since our interest in the fossil record is rather more recent, our selection of paleontological publications are far from complete. We have made an effort to include both scientific and popular articles and books. We have excluded newspaper articles due to the very limited and often unreliable information this media contains. If you notice anything important missing, please notify us via e-mail.

Adams, W. F. 1996. Where have all the sawfishes gone? Living Oceans News. Summer, 1,5.

Adams W. F. and C. Wilson. 1995. The status of the smalltooth sawfish, Pristis pectinata Latham 1794 (Pristiformes: Pristidae) in the United States. Chondros 6:1–5.

Allen, G. R. 1991. Field Guide to the Freshwater Fishes of New Guinea. Christensen Research Institute. 268 pp.

Anonymous. 1918. A three-hour battle with a 500 pound sawfish. The Literary Digest 57(8):70–71.

Anonymous. 1940. Dangerous sawfish is captured with wire noose by Ross Allen. Life 1940 Dec 2:106–109.

Anonymous. 1948. A new sawfish. Hobbies—The Magazine for Collectors 1948 Feb:136.

Anonymous. 2009. EL biologist presents gallery of rare giant rays at museum lecture. Engineer Research and Development Center Information Bulletin 9(9):5. PDF File

Barnard, K. H. 1947. A Pictorial Guide to South African Fishes, Marine and Freshwater. Maskew Miller Limited, Cape Town. 226 pp.

Barrett, O. W. 1928. Shark fishing in the West Indies. The Scientific Monthly 27(2):125–133.

Bauer, E. A. Mystery monster. 1959. Field & Stream 63(10):61, 119–121.

Baughman, J. L. 1943. Notes on sawfish, Pristis perotteti Müller and Henle, not previously reported from the waters of the United States. Copeia 1943:43–48.

Baughman, J. L. 1950. Random notes on Texas fishes. The Texas Journal of Science 2(1):117–138.

Baughman, J. L. 1952. The marine fishes of Texas, the sawfishes. Texas Game and Fish 10(4):28–29.

Bearden, C. M. 1965. Contributions from Bears Bluff Laboratories, No. 42: Elasmobranch Fishes of South Carolina. Bears Bluff Laboratories, Wadmalaw Island, SC. xxx pp.

Beveridge, I. and R. A. Campbell. 2005. Three new genera of trypanorhynch cestodes from Australian elasmobranch fishes. Systematic Parasitology (60):211–224.

Bigelow, H. B. and W. C. Schroeder. 1953. Sawfishes, guitarfishes, skates and rays. Fishes of the Western North Atlantic. Mem. Sears Found. Mar. Res.1, Part 2, Yale University, New Haven, CT. 514 pp.

Bleeker, P. E. A. 1869. Enumberatio Specierum Piscium Hucusque in Archipelago Indico Observatarum. Bataviae, Typis Langii & Soc. 276 pp.

Bleher, H. 1984. The Australian freshwater sawfish. Tropical Fish Hobbyist 32(1):8–14.

Boeseman, M. 1956. Fresh-water sawfishes and sharks in Netherlands New Guinea. Science 123(3189):223–224.

Böhlke, J. E. and C. C. G. Chaplin. 1968. Fishes of the Bahamas and Adjacent Tropical Waters. Acad. Nat. Sciences Phil., Wynnewood, PA. 771 pp.

Boschung, H. T. 1992. Catalogue of Freshwater and Marine Fishes of Alabama. The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL. xxx pp.

Breder, C. M., Jr. 1928. The fishes of the Rio Chucunaque drainage, eastern Panama. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 57:91–176.

Breder, C. M., Jr. 1929. Field Book of Marine Fishes of the Atlantic Coast. G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York, NY. 332 pp.

Breder, C. M., Jr. 1952. On the utility of the saw of the sawfish. Copeia 1952:90–92.

Breder, C. M, Jr. and D. E. Rosen. 1966. Modes of Reproduction in Fishes. Reprint. T. F. H. Publications, Jersey City, NJ. 941 pp.

Briggs, J. C. 1958. A list of Florida fishes and their distribution. Bull. Fl. St. Mus. Biol. Sci. 2: 223–318.

Brown, H. H. 1945 (?). The Fisheries of the Windward & Leeward Islands. Development and Welfare in the West Indies, Bulletin No. 20. 98 pp + 2 maps.

Burgess, G. H. and T. H. Curtis. 2003. Temporal reductions in the distribution and abundance of U.S. Atlantic sawfishes (Pristis spp.) [abstract]. In: Joint Meeting of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists; 2003 Jun x–xx; Manaus, Brazil.

Caira, J. N. 1990. Metazoan parasites as indicators of elasmobranch biology. p.71–96. In: Pratt, H. L., S. H. Gruber, and T. Taniuchi (eds.) Elasmobranchs as Living Resources: Advances in the Biology, Ecology, Systematics, and the Status of the Fisheries, Proceedings of the Second United States–Japan Workshop, Honolulu, Hawaii, 9–14 December 1987. NOAA Technical Report NMFS 90. 518 pp.

Camelli, G. J. and D. J. Petiver. 1704. De Piscubus, Moluscis and Crustaceis Philippensibus. Philosophical Transactions 24(1704):2043–2080.

Camhi, M., S. L. Fowler, J. A. Musick, A. Brautigam, and S. V. Fordham. 1998. Sharks and their Relatives - Ecology and Conservation. IUCN/SSC Shark Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. 39 pp.

Cappetta, H. 2004. Handbook of Paleoichthyology. Volume 3B, Chondrichthyes II, Mesozoic and Cenozoic Elasmobranchii. Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil, München, Germany. 193 pp.

Carlson, J. K. and I. E. Baremore. 2003. The Directed Shark Gillnet Fishery: Catch and Bycatch, 2003. National Marine Fisheries Service, Southeast Fisheries Science Center, Panama City, FL. 8 pp.

Carlson, J. K., J. Osborne, and T. W. Schmidt. 2007. Monitoring the recovery of smalltooth sawfish, Pristis pectinata, using standardized relative indices of abundance. Biological Conservation 136(2):195–202. PDF File

Carpenter, K. E. and V. H. Niem. 1999. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes: The Living Marine The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 3: Batoid fishes, Chimaeras, and Bony Fishes, Part 1. FAO, Rome, Italy. 1398–2068 pp.

Carvalho-Filho, A. 1999. Peixes: Costa Brasileira. São Paulo, Melro. 320 pp + ?? plates.

Case, G. R. and H. Cappetta. 1990. The Eocene selachian fauna from the Fayum Depression in Egypt. Palaeontographica Abt. A 212:1–30 + 9 plates.

Caton, J.D. 1879. Capture of a saw-fish. The American Naturalist, an Illustrated Magazine of Natural History. 13:654.

Cavanagh, R. D., P. M. Kyne, S. L. Fowler, J. A. Musick, and M. B. Bennett, editors. 2003. The Conservation Status of Australasian Chondrichthyans. Report of the IUCN Shark Specialist Group and Australia and Oceania Regional Red List Workshop; 2003 Mar 7–9; Queensland, Australia. 170 pp.

Charvet-Almeida, P. 2002. Sawfish trade in the north of Brazil. Shark News [Newsletter of the IUCN Shark Specialist Group]. 14:9. <Link to Paper>

Cheung, P. J. and R. F. Nigrelli. 1983. Dermophthirioides pristidis n. gen., n. sp. (Microbothriidae) from the skin and Neoheterocotyle ruggierii n. sp. (Monocotylidae) from the gills of the smalltooth sawfish, Pristis pectinata. Transactions of the American Microscopy Society 102:129–134.

Chirichigno, N. F. 1963. Estudio de la fauna ictiológica de los esteros y parte baja de los ríos del Departamento de Tumbes [Perú]. Servicio de Pesqueria, Peru 22:1–87.

Chisthom, L. A. and I. D. Whittington. 2000. A new species of Neoheterocotyle Hargis, 1955 (Monogenea: Monocotylidae) from the gills of Pristis clavata Garman (Pristidae) from Darwin, Australia. Systematic Parasitology. 46:93–98.

Christensen, R. F. 1965. An Ichthyological Survey of Jupiter Inlet and Loxahatchee River, Florida [unpublished masters thesis]. Florida State University. 318 pp.

Cicimurri, D. J. 2007. A partial rostrum of the sawfish Pristis lathami Galeotti, 1837, from the Eocene of South Carolina. Journal of Paleontology 81(3):597–601.

Clark, S., G. Violetta, A. Henningsen, V. Reischuck, P. Mohan, and J. Keyon. 2003. Growth in captive smalltooth sawfish, Pristis pectinata [abstract]. In: Joint Meeting of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists; 2003 Jun x–xx; Manaus, Brazil.

Clippinger, D. H. 1988. Rostral tooth regeneration of smalltooth sawfish (Pristis pectinata). [abstract]. In: Joint Meeting of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists; 1988 Xxx x-xx; Ann Arbor, MI.

Clippinger, D. H. 1993. Observations of rostral tooth regrowth in smalltooth sawfish Pristis pectinata. Drum and Croaker, A Highly Irregular Journal for the Public Aquarist. 24(1):5–7.
Clusius, C. 1605. Exoticorum libri decem; quibus animalium, plantarum, aromatum, aliorumque peregrinorum fructuum historiae describuntur. Item Petri Belonii observationes, eodem Carolo Clusio interprete. Antverpiae. 378 pp.

Coles, R. J. 1915. Notes on the sharks and rays of Cape Lookout, N. C. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 28:89–94.

Compagno, L. J. V. 1970. Generic systematics of recent pristids [Abstract]. In: Current Investigations Dealing with Elasmobranch Fishes. The Shark Research Panel, The American Institute of Biological Sciences. Pgs. 6–7.

Compagno, L. J. V. and S. F. Cook. 1995. The exploitation and conservation of freshwater elasmobranchs: status of taxa and prospects fo the future. J. Aquaricult. Aquat. Sci. 7:62–90.

Compagno, L. J. V., D. A. Ebert, and M. J. Smale. 1989. Guide to the Sharks and Rays of Southern Africa. Struik Publishers, Cape Town. 160 pp.

Compagno, L. J. V. and P. R. Last. 1999. Pristidae. Sawfishes. Pp. 1410–1417. In: K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.), FAO identification guide for fishery purposes. The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO, Rome.

Compagno, L. J. V., Last, P. R., Stevens J. D., and M. N. R. Alava. 2005. Checklist of Philippine Chondrichthyes. CSIRO Report 243.

Cook, S., L. J. V. Compagno, and M. Oetinger. 1995. Status of the largetooth sawfish Pristis perotteti Muller and Henle, 1841. Shark News [Newsletter of the IUCN Shark Specialist Group] 4:1–2.

Cope, E. D. 1875. Synopsis of the vertebrata of the Miocene of Cumberland County, New Jersey. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 16(97):55–60.

Cropp, B. 1971. Shark Hunters. The Macmillan Company, New York, NY. 301 pp.

Dahlberg, M. D. 1976. Guide to Coastal Fishes of Georgia and Nearby States. University of Georgia Press, Athens, GA. 187 pp.

Davies, D. H. 1963. The story of sally the sawfish. South African Association for Marine Biological Research 1963(4):10–13.

Day, F. 1971. The Fishes of India; being a Natural History of the Fishes known to inhabit the Seas and Fresh Waters of India, Burma, and Ceylon. Today & Tomorrow's Book Agency, New Delhi. 778 pp. + 195 plates.

De Kay, J. E. 1842. Zoology of New York or the New York Fauna, Part 5: Fishes. White & Visscher, Albany, NY. xxx pp.

Deynat, P. P. 2005. New data on the systematics and interrelationships of sawfishes (Elasmobranchii, Batoidea, Pristiformes). J. Fish Biol. 2005(66):1447–1458. PDF File

Dimock, A.W., Dimock, J.A. 1908. Florida Enchantments. The Outing Publishing Company, New York, NY. 318 pp.

Dor, M. 1984. Checklist of the Fishes of the Red Sea. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem. 437 pp.

Duarte-Bello, P. P. 1959. Catalogo de Peces Cubanos. Universidad de Villanueva, Marianao, Cuba. 208 pp.

Eigenmann, C. H. 1920. The fishes of the rivers draining the western slope of the Cordillera Occidental of Colombia, Rios Atroto, San Juan, Dagua, and Patia. Indiana University Studies 7(46): 1–19 + fold-out map.

Endicott, W. 1925. Adventures with Rod and Harpoon along the Florida Keys. Frederick A. Stokes Company, New York, NY. 273 pp.

Evermann, B. W. and B. A. Bean. 1898. Indian River and its fishes. U. S. Commission of Fish and Fisheries 22:227–248.

Evermann, B. W. and W. C. Kendall. 1900. Check-list of the fishes of Florida. U. S. Commission of Fish and Fisheries 25:35–103.

Evermann, B. W. and M. C. Marsh. 1902. The fishes of Porto Rico. U. S. Commission of Fish and Fisheries 20(1):49–350 + ??? plates and ?? fold-out maps.

Faria, V. V., J. A. Ryburn, L. F. Leandro, and G. J. Naylor. 2003. Pristiform molecular phylogeny [abstract]. In: Joint Meeting of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists; 2003 Jun x-xx; Manaus, Brazil.

Faria, V. V., McDavitt, M. T. 2005. Trying again two centuries later: an essay on the various species of sawfish (Chondrichthyes, Pristiformes) [abstract]. In: Joint Meeting of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists; 2005 Jul 6–11; Tampa, FL. p. 151.

Filmore, R. 2006 Saving sawfish down under. Mote Magazine. 2006(3):24–28.

Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission. 1999. Protected species: sawfishes, basking shark, whale shark, white shark, sand tiger shark, bigeye sand tiger shark, manta ray, and spotted eagle ray; prohibition of harvest, landing, and sale. Chapter 68B–44.008 (formerly 46–44.008) Florida Administrative Code Rule 11:1222.

Fordham, S. V. 2003. Conservation of smalltooth sawfish (Pristis pectinata) in U.S. waters [abstract]. In: Joint Meeting of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists; 2005 Jul 6–11; Tampa, FL. p 151.

Fowler, H. W. 1906. The fishes of New Jersey. Annual Report of the New Jersey State Museum (1905):34–477.

Fowler, H. W. 1941. A list of the fishes known from the coast of Brazil. Arquivos de Zoologia do Estado de Sào Paulo 3(6):115–184.

Fowler, H. W. 1941. Contributions to the Biology of the Philippine Archipelago and Adjacent Regions. The fishes of the groups Elasmobranchii, Holocephali, Isopondyli, and Ostarophysi obtained by the United States Bureau of Fisheries steamer "Albatross" in 1907 to 1910, chiefly in the Philippine Islands and adjacent seas. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 879 pp. 

Fowler, H. W. 1945. A Study of the Fishes of the Southern Piedmont and Coastal Plain. The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA.

Fowler, H. W. 1956. Fishes of the Rea Sea and Southern Arabia. Volume I. Branchiostomida to Polynemida. The Weizmann Science Press of Israel, Jerusalem. 240 pp.

Fowler, S. L. 1996. Sharks and CITES - latest news. Shark News [Newsletter of the IUCN Shark Specialist Group] 8: ??.

Fowler, S. L. 1998. Recent sawfish records. Shark News [Newsletter of the IUCN Shark Specialist Group] 12: 4. Link

Fowler, S. L., Reed, T. M., and F. A. Dipper (eds). 2002. Elasmobranch Biodiversity, Conservation and Management: Proceedings of the International Seminar and Workshop, Sabah, Malaysia, July 1997. IUCN SSC Shark Specialist Group, Cambridge, UK. xv + 258 pp.

Garman, S. 1913. The Plagiostomia. Mem. M. C. Z. 36:1–515.

Gill, T. 1893. Sharks in fresh water. Science 22(555):165.

Gilmore, R. G. 1977. Fishes of the Indian River Lagoon and adjacent waters, Florida. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum, 22(3):101–147.

Goadby, P. 1963. Jacaranda Pocket Guides: Sharks and other Predatory Fish of Australia. Jacaranda Press Pty. Ltd., Brisbane, Australia. 124 pp.

Gohar, H. A. F., and F. M. Mazhar. 1964. The elasmobranchs of the north-western Red Sea. Publ. Mar. Biol. Sta. Ghardaqa (13): 1–144 + 16 plates, 2 maps.

Gonzalez, M. M. 2005. Use of Pristis spp. (Elasmobranchii: Pristidae) by hunter-gatherers on the coast of São Paulo, Brazil. Neotropical Ichthyology 3(3):421–426.

Goode, G. B. 1879. A preliminary catalogue of the fishes of the St. John's River and the east coast of Florida, with descriptions of a new genus and three new species. Proceedings of the U. S. National Museum 5(43):109–121.

Goode, G. B. 1884. The Fisheries and Fishery Industries of the United States. Section I. Natural history of useful aquatic animals. United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries, Washington D.C.

Gowanloch, J. N. 1933. Fishes and Fishing in Louisiana. Louisiana Department of Conservation, Baton Rouge, LA. 638 pp. + 3 plates & 2 fold-out maps.

Grant, E. M. 1978. Guide to Fishes. 8th ed. The Department of Harbours and Marine, Queensland, Australia. 768 pp.

Gudger, E. W. 1912. Natural history notes on some Beaufort, N. C. fishes, 1910–1911: No. 1. Elasmobranchii—with special reference to utero-gestation. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 25:141–156. 

Gulf Specimen Company, Inc. [no date]. Catalogue number 4, Panacea, FL. 84 pp.

Gunter, G. 1935. Records of fishes rarely caught in shrimp trawls in Louisiana. Copeia 1935:39–40.

Gunter, G. 1941. Relative numbers of shallow water fishes of the northern Gulf of Mexico, with some records of rare fishes from the Texas coast. American Midland Naturalist 26(1):194–200.

Gunter, G. 1957. Predominance of the young among marine fishes found in fresh water. Copeia 1957:13–16.

Günther, A. 1870. Catalogue of the Physostomi. Catalogue of the Fishes in the British Museum: Volume Eight. Printed by order of the Trustees, London. 549 pp.

Guste, R. F., Jr. 1997. Gulf Coast Fish: A Cookbook. W. W. Norton & Company, Inc., New York, NY. 412 pp.

Hedges, M. F. A. M. 1925. Battles with Giant Fish. Duckworth & Co., London, England. 307 pp + 31 plates.

Heiler, V. C. 1917. Harpooning sawfish in the Florida Keys. Field & Stream 1917 Mar:408–410.

Henningsen, A. D., Whitaker B. R., and I. D. Walker. 2005. Protrusion of the valvular intestine in captive smalltooth sawfish and comments on pristid gastrointestinal anatomy and intestinal valve types. Journal of Aquatic Animal Health 17:289–295.

Henshall, J. A. 1891. Report upon a collection of fishes made in southern Florida during 1889. Bull. U.S. Fish Comm. 9:371–389.

Henshall, J. A. 1895. Notes on fishes collected in Florida in 1892. Bull. U. S. Fish Comm. 14:209–221.

Herre, A. W. C. T. 1923. Notes on Philippine sharks, I. The Philippine Journal of Science 23(1): 67–75 + 1 plate.

Herre, A. W. C. T. 1958. Marine fishes in Philippine rivers and lakes. The Philippine Journal of Science 87(1):65–88.

Herre, A. W. C. T. and M. Boeseman. 1956. Marine fishes in fresh water. Science 123(3206):1035–1036.

Hewlett, K. G. 1977. Saga of a sawfish. Drum and Croaker, A Highly Irregular Journal for the Public Aquarist. 17(1):41–43. PDF File

Hildebrand, S. F. and W. C. Schroeder. 1928. Fishes of Chesapeake Bay. Bulletin of the United States Bureau of Fisheries, Vol. XLIII 1927, Part I. United States Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 366 pp. + 1 fold-out map & 5 plates.

Hoese, H. D. 1958. A partially annotated checklist of the marine fishes of Texas. Institute of Marine Science 5:313–352.

Holder, C. F. 1906. The Log of a Sea Angler. Sport and Adventures in Many Seas with Spear and Rod. Houghton, Mifflin and Company, Cambridge, MA. 385 pp.

Hoover, J. J. 2008. Searching for sawfish: a history of the hunt. American Currents 34(2):1–15.

Horowitz, S. 2009. Maintaining monster tanks: Inside Landry's Restaurant aquariums. Tropical Fish Hobbyist 47(8):110–114.

Horowitz, S. 2009. Swimming with sharks! TFH dives into Adventure Aquarium. Tropical Fish Hobbyist 47(10):76–84.

Irvine, F. R. 1947. The Fishes and Fisheries of the Gold Coast. Government of the Gold Coast, London, England. 352 pp.

Ishihara, H. 1990. The skates and rays of the Western North Pacific: an overview of their fisheries, utilization, and classification. p.485–497. In: Pratt, H. L., S. H. Gruber, and T. Taniuchi (eds.) Elasmobranchs as Living Resources: Advances in the Biology, Ecology, Systematics, and the Status of the Fisheries, Proceedings of the Second United States–Japan Workshop, Honolulu, Hawaii, 9–14 December 1987. NOAA Technical Report NMFS 90. 518 pp.

Ishihara, H., Taniuchi, T., Sano, M., and P. R. Last. 1991. Record of Pristis clavata Garman from the Pentecost River, western Australia, with brief notes on its osmoregulation, and comments on the systematics of the Pristidae. Univ. Mus., Univ. Tokyo, Nature and Culture (3):43–53.

Ishihara, H., T. Taniuchi, and N. Shizmizu. 1991. Sexual description of numbers of rostral teeth in the sawfish, Pristis microdon, collected from Australia and Papua, New Guinea. University of Tokyo Museum. Nature Culture (3):83–89.

Jenkins, J. T. 1946. The Fishes of the British Isles both Fresh Water and Salt. Frederick Warne & Co. Ltd., London. 408 pp. 

Jordan, D. S. and J. Swain. 1884. Notes on fishes collected by David S. Jordan at Cedar Keys, Florida. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus. 7:230–234.

Joseph, E. B. and R. W. Yerger. 1956. The fishes of Alligator Harbor, Florida, with notes on their natural history. Florida State University Studies (22):112–156.

Kapoor, D., R. Dayal, and A. G. Ponniah. 2002. Fish Biodiversity of India. National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources, Lucknow, India. 775 pp + ?? plates.

Kent, B. W. 1999. Part 3. Rays from the Fisher/Sullivan Site. In: Early Eocene Vertebrates and Plants from the Fisher/Sullivan Site (Nanjemoy Formation) Stafford County, Virginia. Virginia Division of Mineral Resources Publication 152:39–51.

Kirkland, J. I., M. C. Aguillón-Martinez. 2002. Schizorhiza: a unique sawfish paradigm from the Difunta Group, Coahuila, Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geológicas. 19(1):16–24.

Kottelat, M. 2001. Fishes of Laos. WHT Publications Ltd., Sri Lanka. 198 pp.

Kriwet, J. 2004. The systematic position of the Cretaceous sclerorhynchid sawfishes (elasmobranchii, pristiorajea). Mesozoic Fishes 3 – Systematics, Paleoenvironments and Biodiversity. 2004:57–73.

Last, P. R. and J. D. Stevens. 1994. Sharks and Rays of Australia. CSIRO Australia. 513 pp.

Latham, J. 1794. An essay on the various species of sawfish. Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 2:273–284.

Lee, H. S. 2005. Sawfish on the stamp. [Printed in Taiwanese] Fisheries Extension 223:52–54.

Lindall, W. N., J. R. Hall, W. A. Fable, and L. A. Collins. 1973. A Survey of Fishes and Commercial Invertebrates of the Nearshore and Estuarine Zone between Cape Romano and Cape Sable, Florida. National Marine Fisheries Service, Gulf Coastal Fisheries Center, St. Petersburg Beach, FL. 62 pp.

Lindberg, G. U. and M. I. Legeza. 1967. Fishes of the Sea of Japan and the Adjacent Areas of the Sea of Okhotsk and the Yellow Sea. Part 1: Amphioxi, Petromyzones, Myxini, Elasmobranchii, Holocephali. [Translated from Russian] Smithsonian Institution and National Science Foundation, Washington, D.C. 198 pp.

Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis Synonymis, Locis. Tomus I. 824 pp.

Lonnberg, E.1894. List of fishes observed and collected in south-Florida. Ofversigt af Kongl. Vetenskups-Akadmieus Forhandlingar 3:109–131.

Marden, L. 1944. A land of lakes and volcanoes. The National Geographic Magazine 1944 Aug:161–192.

Marshall, T. C. 1964. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coastal Waters of Queensland. Department of Harbours and Marine, Queensland, Australia. 566 pp + plates.

McClane, A. J. 1978.McClane's Field Guide to Saltwater Fishes of North America. Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York, NY. 283 pp.

McCormick, H. W., T. B. Allen, and W. E. Young. 1963. Shadows in the Sea. The Sharks, Skates, and Rays. Weathervane Books, New York, NY. 415 pp.

McDavitt, M. T. 1996. The cultural and economic importance of sawfishes (family Pristidae). Shark News [Newsletter of the IUCN Shark Specialist Group] 8:10–11. Link

McDavitt, M. T. 2002. Cipactli's sword, Tlaltecuhtli's teeth: deciphering the sawfish and shark remains in the Aztec Great Temple. Shark News [Newsletter of the IUCN Shark Specialist Group] 14:6–7.

McDavitt, M. T. 2002. Lake Nicaragua revisited: conversations with a former sawfish fisherman. Shark News [Newsletter of the IUCN Shark Specialist Group] 14:6. Link

McDavitt, M. T. 2002. Sawfishes in the indigenous art of Panama. Shark News [Newsletter of the IUCN Shark Specialist Group] 14:4. Link

McDavitt, M. T. 2003. The popular image of sawfishes in Western society and its implications for conservation efforts. [abstract]. In: Joint Meeting of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists; 2003 Jun x-xx; Manaus, Brazil.

McDavitt, M. T. and P. Charvet-Almeida. 2004. Quantifying trade in sawfish rostra: two examples. Shark News [Newsletter of the IUCN Shark Specialist Group] 16:10–11. Link to PDF File

McDavitt, M. T. 2005. The cultural significance of sharks and rays in Aboriginal societies across Australia's top end. Marine Education Society of Australasia. 5 pp. Link to PDF File

McEachran, J. D. and J. D. Fechhelm. 1998. Fishes of the Gulf of Mexico. Volume I: Myxiniformes to Gasterosteiformes. University of Texas Press, Austin, TX. 1112 pp.

Meng, Q. and Y. Zhu. 1985. A study of the spiral valves of Chinese cartilaginous fishes. Acta Zool. Sinica 31(3):277–283.

Metzelaar, J. 1967. Report on the Fishes Collected by Dr. J. Boeke in the Dutch West Indies 1904–1905. A. Asher and Co., Amsterdam. 314 pp.

Miller, W. A. 1995. Rostral and dental development in sawfish (Pristis perotteti). J. Aquaricult. Aquat. Sci. 7:98–107.

Misra, K. S. 1962. An aid to the identification of the common commercial fishes of India and Pakistan. Records of the Indian Museum. Manager of Publications, Delhi. 320 pp.

Mizue, K. and M. Hara. 1991. The rectal gland of freshwater sawfish, Pristis microdon, and bull shark, Carcharhinus leucas, collected from the Daly and Sepik Rivers. Univ. Mus., Univ. Tokyo, Nature and Culture (3):63–69.

Monkolprasit, S. 1984. The Cartilagenous Fishes (Class Elasmobranchii) Found in Thai Waters and Adjacent Areas. Department of Fishery Biology, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand. 175 pp + 2 plates.

Montoya, R. V. and T. B. Thorson. 1982. The bull shark (Carcharhinus leucas) and the largetooth sawfish (Pristis perotteti) in Lake Bayano, a tropical man-made impoundment in Panama. Environ. Biol. Fish. 7:341–347.

Müller, J. and J. Henle. 1841. Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen. Verlag Von Veit und Comp., Berlin. 200 pp.

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